Myocardial infarction is an acute condition, a clinical form of coronary heart disease, characterized by a cessation of blood supply to any of the parts of the heart. When the blood supply is disrupted for 15-20 minutes or more, the “starving” part of the heart dies. This site of death (necrosis) of the heart is called myocardial infarction. A person at this time feels a sharp unbearable pain behind the sternum, which does not go away even after taking several tablets of nitroglycerin in a row.
- severe and prolonged retrosternal pain;
- difficulty breathing;
- pain in the abdomen;
- loss of consciousness.
Myocardial infarction has quite characteristic symptoms that allow it to be predicted with a high degree of probability even in the pre-infarction period of the development of the disease. The patient's condition is characterized by more prolonged and intense retrosternal pain, less amenable to elimination with nitroglycerin. Sweating, shortness of breath, a variety of arrhythmias, or nausea may occur. Also, patients with great difficulty withstand even small physical exertion.
Qualified care for myocardial infarction is divided into two types:
- assistance at the prehospital stage;
- inpatient treatment.
Assistance at the prehospital stage consists in the most rapid resumption and support of blood circulation in the affected area of the myocardium. The life and health of a person very much depends on competently rendered assistance at this stage. With myocardial infarction, immediate hospitalization in cardiological intensive care is indicated.
In the hospital, an angioplasty operation is performed, during which a stent is placed in the artery.
A patient with myocardial infarction is hospitalized in the intensive care unit, and, if necessary, in the intensive care unit, where specialists can constantly monitor his condition using special devices. At the hospital stage, support for the main functions of the body, prevention and control of thrombosis, heart rhythm disturbances and other complications in the intensive care units of the hospital continues.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!