Hypertension (arterial hypertension) is a constantly elevated blood pressure, which leads to a violation of the structure and functions of the artery and heart. The incidence increases with age. More commonly seen in men. Sometimes there is a family predisposition, more often in African Americans.
Risk factors are stress, alcohol abuse, salty foods and being overweight. About 1 in 5 adults have permanently elevated blood pressure. High pressure stretches the walls of the arteries and the heart, damaging them.
At the beginning of the disease, hypertension is asymptomatic, but if the pressure is constantly elevated, the patient begins to have headaches, dizziness and double vision. In most cases, only the symptoms caused by the increase in pressure are of concern. Over time, they intensify and by the time the disease is obvious, irreversible changes in organs and arterial vessels are already formed. No wonder hypertension is called the “silent killer”: often people die from a stroke or heart attack, which were complete for them.
Recently, programs to promote healthy lifestyles and universal medical examinations have made it possible for many people to diagnose hypertension at an early stage. Early diagnosis and advances in treatment can greatly reduce the incidence of strokes and heart attacks in the population.
Young people or severely hypertensive people need to have a complete examination to identify the cause of hypertension (urine and blood tests and ultrasounds to detect kidney disease or hormonal disorders).
Hypertension usually cannot be cured, but the pressure can be controlled. With a slight increase in pressure, the best way to reduce it is to change your lifestyle. You should reduce your intake of salt and alcohol and keep your weight in check. Stop smoking if the patient smokes. If these measures have not led to a decrease in pressure, it is necessary to use drug therapy - antihypertensive drugs. These drugs act in different ways, so it is possible to prescribe either one or several drugs. It takes time to choose the right type of medicine and its dosage. With the development of side effects, you should immediately inform the doctor so that he makes the appropriate changes.
Some doctors recommend regularly measuring the pressure yourself, this allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment. If the developed hypertension is a consequence of another disease, for example, a hormonal disorder, then its treatment will bring the pressure back to normal.
The prognosis depends on how long and how high the patient's blood pressure is. In most cases, lifestyle changes and blood pressure medication can significantly reduce the risk of further complications. Blood pressure should be monitored throughout life. The risk of complications is greatest in chronic and severe hypertension.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!