A hypertensive crisis (HC) is a condition characterized by high blood pressure (systolic “upper” BP, usually more than 180 mm Hg; diastolic “lower” BP, more than 120 mm Hg) and the following symptoms:
headache, more often in the occipital region, or heaviness and noise in the head;
flickering "flies", a veil or a net in front of the eyes;
nausea, feeling of weakness, overwork, internal tension;
shortness of breath, weakness, constant monotonous aching pain / discomfort in the heart area;
the appearance or increase of pastosity / swelling of the skin of the face, arms, legs.
First aid measures
When symptoms of a hypertensive crisis appear, it is necessary:
Remove bright light, provide peace, access to fresh air (unbutton the shirt collar, ventilate the room, etc.).
Measure blood pressure (see the end of this section for the method of measuring blood pressure), and if its "upper" level is greater than or equal to 160 mm Hg. Art., it is necessary to take an antihypertensive drug previously recommended by the doctor. In the absence of an antihypertensive drug recommended by a doctor or when blood pressure levels are above 200 mm Hg. Art. urgent need to call an ambulance.
Before the arrival of an ambulance, it is necessary, if possible, to sit in a chair with armrests and take a hot foot bath (dip your feet in a container of hot water).
A patient with a hypertensive crisis is prohibited from any sudden movements (get up abruptly, sit down, lie down, bend over, push) and any physical activity.
40-60 minutes after taking the medication recommended by the doctor, it is necessary to re-measure blood pressure, and if its level has not decreased by 20-30 mm Hg. Art. from the original and / or the condition has not improved - urgently call an ambulance.
When you feel better and your blood pressure drops, you need to rest (go to bed with a raised headboard) and then contact your local (family) doctor.
When talking with the doctor, it is necessary to clarify which drugs you need to take in the development of a hypertensive crisis, clearly write down their names, dosage and time sequence (algorithm) of taking them, and also ask the doctor for which manifestations of the disease you need to urgently call an ambulance
All patients with hypertension need to form an individual mini-first aid kit for hypertensive crisis and carry it with them all the time, since a hypertensive crisis can develop at any time and in any place.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!