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Methods of treatment of chronic obstructive bronchitis


Methods of treatment of chronic obstructive bronchitis

Methods of treatment of chronic obstructive bronchitis

Symptoms and signs of bronchitis:

Bronchitis in adults is of two types: acute and chronic, catarrhal and purulent, obstructive and non-obstructive. Combines all forms of the disease with one main symptom - cough. In the first 2-3 days it is intrusive, dry or with little sputum. After a few days, bronchitis symptoms begin to transform. The separation of sputum is more intense. A productive cough is a more precise definition of this process. The sputum is predominantly whitish-gray and clear in color, but may be yellowish-green when associated with a bacterial infection. Bronchitis symptoms in adults are as follows:

general intoxication of the body (weakness, drowsiness, loss of appetite);

low temperature (37-38°C);

chest pain.


Treatment of obstructive bronchitis should be with the active participation of the patient in the treatment process. If possible, it is worth eliminating the negative factors that provoke the progression of the disease - this is primarily smoking cessation, the desire to lead the most healthy lifestyle, if the main reason for the development of bronchial obstruction is occupational hazard, a job change is desirable.

Also shown bronchodilator therapy, therapeutic breathing exercises.

During the period of exacerbation of bronchitis, antibiotic therapy is carried out - drugs are selected individually, taking into account the results of sputum analysis.

Of great importance in the treatment of obstructive bronchitis belongs to expectorants that promote sputum discharge, improve bronchial patency. For this purpose, drugs that stimulate expectoration, sputum thinning drugs, and mucoregulators are prescribed.

With obstructive bronchitis, physiotherapy is indicated. Apply inhalation of expectorants, electrophoresis of potassium iodide and antispasmodics, sinusoidal modulated currents.

Massage has a relaxing effect.

Treatment of the disease in adults:

Bronchitis treatment in adults is different from therapy in children. It is important to observe bed or semi-bed rest. How to treat bronchitis - it depends on the disease factor (viruses, bacteria), the form and complexity of its course. Symptomatic medications are prescribed to alleviate the cough reflex. If necessary, mucolytic and expectorant drugs are prescribed. Such a medicine for bronchitis, taking into account the impact, should be prescribed only by a doctor. Otherwise, you can harm your health. With the development of a disease based on a bacterial factor, antibiotics for bronchitis in adults are a mandatory measure. The choice of drug is carried out after analyzes showing the type of atypical microorganisms. Inhalations for bronchitis with glucocorticoids, beta-agonists, specific anti-inflammatory drugs are an effective way to alleviate the patient's condition.

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