A paratonsillar abscess is a purulent process in the periaminal tissue, in which inflammation first occurs (paratonsillitis), and then a cavity filled with pus is formed. In most cases, it develops as a complication of angina and chronic tonsillitis and is more often localized on one side. This is one of the most common infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pharynx. Most often occurs in people with chronic tonsillitis and those with weakened immune systems.
With late diagnosis or lack of adequate treatment, it can lead to sepsis, infectious toxic shock, purulent mediastinitis, bleeding from the vessels of the neck and other life-threatening complications.
Causes of occurrence
The main cause of paratonsillar abscess is usually a bacterial infection. Namely: the penetration of infection from the crypts (folds) of the amygdala into the surrounding periaminal tissues. In the overwhelming majority of cases, pyogenic streptococcus becomes the cause of abscess formation. Less commonly, Staphylococcus aureus and other microorganisms.
Often, inflammation develops as a complication of tonsillitis or chronic tonsillitis in the absence of timely and correct treatment. A risk factor is a weakened immune system associated with inflammatory diseases, diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency, malnutrition, smoking, and alcohol abuse. Less often, the disease develops against the background of caries and injury to the tissues of the pharynx.
More about the disease
Paratonsillitis is an acute condition against the background of tonsillitis or tonsillopharyngitis, as a result of which the penetration of an infectious agent (bacteria) into the loose periaminal fiber (paratonsillar space) occurs. The process is always one-sided, as a result of which it has certain symptoms:
• Pain or increased pain on one side;
• Severe difficulty in swallowing;
• Swelling and swelling on one side of the neck;
• Asymmetry and bulging of the throat tissue.
A paratonsillar abscess occurs when a pus-filled cavity is formed in the peri-tonsillar (paratonsillar) tissues. It can form a few days after the development of tonsillitis or exacerbation of tonsillitis. Less commonly, against the background of traumatic damage to the oropharynx or penetration of a foreign body into the tissues around the tonsils.
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