Depending on the cause that caused the violation of the patency of the fallopian tubes, both conservative and surgical methods of treatment are used.
Conservative therapy - anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy - is used mainly in cases where the obstruction is caused by the presence of inflammatory processes. In the presence of adhesions, this method is ineffective.
To date, the treatment of uterine obstruction is predominantly operative.
As a rule, surgical intervention is performed using laparoscopy - a minimally invasive operation, which practically does not give complications. During laparoscopy, the adhesions are dissected to restore patency.
The effect of laparoscopic surgery depends on the severity of each case. Be that as it may, it is impossible to guarantee a 100% cure for infertility caused by obstructed patency.
Adhesions and scars that block the tubes are most often caused by inflammatory processes in the female genital organs.
the consequences of surgical interventions in the abdominal cavity,
The main procedure used to diagnose obstruction of the fallopian tubes is hysterosalpingography (HSG). It is indicated for suspected tubal infertility and adhesions, tuberculosis of the uterine cavity, myomas, polyps, endometriosis and other pathologies.
The gynecologist through a catheter injects a contrast agent into the uterus, which reflects the patency of the fallopian tubes on X-rays. The procedure is absolutely safe, however, it is not performed in case of an allergic reaction to a contrast agent and iodine, cardiovascular insufficiency, acute infections and inflammatory processes of the genital organs.
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