Acute coronary syndrome is a term used to describe a range of conditions associated with sudden, reduced blood flow to the heart. Acute coronary syndrome is a term used to describe a range of conditions associated with sudden, reduced blood flow to the heart.
Acute coronary syndrome often causes severe chest pain or discomfort. In this case, urgent medical attention, rapid diagnosis and proper care are needed. Treatment goals include improving blood flow, managing complications, and preventing future problems.
Signs and symptoms of acute coronary syndrome, which usually start suddenly, include the following:
• Chest pain (angina) or discomfort, often described as pain, pressure, or burning;
• Nausea or vomiting;
• Shortness of breath;
• Sudden, heavy sweating;
• Lightness, dizziness or fainting;
• Unusual or unexplained tiredness;
• Feeling restless or restless;
Acute coronary syndrome usually results from a buildup of fatty deposits (plaques) on the walls of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscles. When the plaque ruptures, a blood clot forms. This clot blocks the flow of blood to the heart muscles. When the oxygen supply to cells is too low, heart muscle cells can die. Cell death leading to muscle tissue damage is a heart attack (myocardial infarction).
• Sublingual nitroglycerin (0.4 mg) or nitroglycerin spray every five minutes. After taking three doses with persistent chest pain and systolic blood pressure of at least 90 mm Hg. Art. it is necessary to resolve the issue of prescribing nitroglycerin intravenously as an infusion.
• The drug of choice for the relief of pain is morphine sulfate, 10 mg intravenously in a stream in physiological sodium chloride solution.
• Early appointment of acetylsalicylic acid at a dose of 160-325 mg (chew). Patients who have previously taken aspirin can be given clopidogrel 300 mg followed by a dose of 75 mg/day.
• The immediate appointment of β-blockers is recommended for all patients, if there are no contraindications to their use (atrioventricular blockade, history of bronchial asthma, acute left ventricular failure). Treatment should begin with short-acting drugs: propranolol at a dose of 20-40 mg or metroprolol (egilok) 25-50 mg orally or sublingually.
• Elimination of factors that increase the load on the myocardium and contribute to increased ischemia: hypertension, heart rhythm disturbances.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!