The main reasons for the expansion of testicular veins include:
genetic predisposition to varicose veins;
physical activity with constant weight lifting;
features of the anatomical structure that contribute to the infringement of the veins in the genitals;
neoplasms (both benign and malignant);
constipation and diarrhea in the chronic stage;
irregular sex life;
increased body weight;
various inflammatory processes.
Stages of the disease (varicocele)
at the first stage, there are no external manifestations of varicocele, except perhaps on palpation;
in the second stage of the disease, dilated veins on the testicle are clearly visible (more often the left one due to anatomical features), but its size has not changed;
in the third stage, with pronounced varicose veins, a change in the size of the testicle is visible.
In the initial stages, a varicocele may not bother a man with pain symptoms. However, this disease can progress into a chronic one and lead not only to discomfort in sexual life, but also to infertility.
The occurrence of pain provoked by varicocele can be observed in the groin, scrotum, and both testicles. Characteristic is a sharp increase in pain when walking, running, physical exertion, in the process of sexual contact.
Diagnosis of varicocele
Primary diagnosis of the disease is carried out using an external examination of the patient, palpation, ultrasound. Also, the doctor may prescribe tests for the study of sex hormones in the blood, a spermogram in order to determine the degree of impaired fertility.
Treatment of varicocele and impact on male infertility
Treatment of varicocele is carried out exclusively in an operative way, since only surgery can give the best effect.
There are different types of operations. It is believed that the microsurgical method of surgical treatment is currently the most effective: it allows surgical intervention with the least tissue damage, as a result, the rehabilitation period takes less time.
The operation helps to restore blood flow in the testicles and restore normal spermatogenesis (production of a sufficient number of live and anatomically correct spermatozoa). Improving the quality of sperm, eliminating pain will allow you to lead a full sexual life, without the threat of infertility. From childhood, one should be engaged in the prevention of varicocele, since hereditary acquisition of the disease is not excluded. It is important to see a urologist regularly.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!