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Urolithiasis (UCD) is a fairly widespread disease, however, it is rather difficult to calculate the exact number of patients.
A stone (calculus) is a solid mass formed by urine crystals in the urinary tract. Stones can be in the kidneys or ureters, or in the bladder.
Calculi can independently pass through the urinary tract without causing any discomfort, however, the development of renal colic is accompanied by significant pain.
Today, due to changes in diet and lifestyle, KSD is becoming more common.
How is the presence of a stone in the ureter manifested?
Kidney stones appear due to violations of mineral metabolism, stagnant processes and shifts in the acidity of urine. With the development of pathology in the kidneys, sand first appears, which transforms into dense stones. The natural peristalsis of the urinary tract leads to the fact that the stone enters the ureter. The calculus moves along the organs of the urinary system, injuring the epithelium. The stone can get stuck in places of physiological narrowing, partially or completely blocking the outflow of urine. This causes the following symptoms:
Severe pain (kidney colic)
Blood in the urine (urine turns pink)
The stone can injure the ureter, provoke kidney dysfunction, cause renal colic and pain shock. Sometimes spontaneous removal of a stone from the ureter occurs. In this case, the consequences also remain, but less pronounced - inflammation of the epithelium of the urinary ducts, trauma, secondary infection. Most patients, as part of etiotropic treatment, need to remove a stone from the ureter in a clinic, through surgery.
Treatment of urolithiasis
There are 2 main methods of conservative therapy - lithokinetic therapy and litholytic therapy (dissolution of stones). Both of these methods involve prescribing drugs to you.
If the ureter is blocked by a large or dense stone, emergency surgery will be required to remove it. The least traumatic method is hardware crushing of stones in the ureters. To do this, use laser or ultrasonic equipment. Crushing is carried out laparoscopically or endoscopically. Minimal invasiveness of such an intervention reduces the rehabilitation period. In difficult clinical situations, stone removal requires a full abdominal operation.