A fistula of the rectum is a chronic inflammatory process in the pararectal tissue, with a lesion of the anal crypt (the entrance gate for infection is the internal fistulous opening), the presence of a fistulous tract. As a rule, the onset of the disease is acute purulent paraproctitis (acute purulent inflammation in the pararectal tissue), which requires urgent surgical treatment.
- discomfort and pain in the anus;
- retention of urination and defecation;
- secretion of mucus, infiltrate, pus from the rectum;
- increased body temperature, chills;
- redness and irritation of the skin around the anus and partially the buttocks.
Chronic paraproctitis during an exacerbation gives the following symptoms:
- fast fatiguability;
- sleep disturbance;
- nervous exhaustion;
- regular increase in body temperature;
- intimate disorders;
- gas incontinence.
There are no conservative methods of treatment of rectal fistula. The pathological course in the tissues cannot be eliminated with the help of drugs. Therefore, medications can only prevent exacerbation, suppuration, alleviate the general condition, but not cope with the main problem.
Physiotherapy methods, medications are used to prepare for surgery or as a way to recover. Your doctor will usually prescribe the following medications to support and prevent complications:
- antibiotics systemic and local;
- local preparations to accelerate healing;
- Medicines to regulate bowel function.
The course of physiotherapy may include electrophoresis and UVI, magnetic and ultrasound therapy.
Surgical treatment is focused on excision of the fistulous tract and restoration of tissue integrity. It is important to note that during an exacerbation of the disease, an abscess is opened more often, and the operation to excise the fistula itself is performed as planned after the acute symptoms are relieved. This is due to the fact that in conditions of inflamed tissues it is more difficult to detect and correctly excise the canal.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!