Enuresis is a common childhood disease characterized by the inability of the child to control the act of urination (in other words, it is involuntary urination). The diagnosis and treatment of this pathology is carried out by a urologist, gynecologist, nephrologist, neurologist and psychotherapist. The main symptom of bedwetting is the inability of the child to control the act of passing urine during sleep. Episodes of uncontrolled urine discharge can occur every night, or they can recur regularly only a few times per week or month. Interestingly, emptying the bladder does not wake up the baby. Enuresis is a major hygienic and social problem that significantly reduces the quality of a child's life. If symptoms of pathology occur, you should consult an experienced specialist.
Bedwetting refers to the urinary incontinence syndrome that occurs predominantly during sleep. Most often, pathology is diagnosed in preschoolers and primary school children. However, it is possible to speak about the disease only from the moment the child reaches 5 years of age (episodes of urinary incontinence in children under 5 years of age are not considered a deviation). In the diagnosis and treatment of bedwetting, an integrated approach of several specialists is required at once. The complexity lies in the variety of possible causes of the pathology - from neurological disorders to concomitant urological and gynecological diseases. That is why parents should be entrusted with the identification and elimination of the disease exclusively by qualified specialists.
To eliminate the manifestations of enuresis, a child can be prescribed different groups of drugs. In the event that the pathology is a consequence of the immaturity of the nervous system, the patient is shown taking nootropics. Treatment with nootropic drugs is quite long. The positive effect of therapy is noted after 1-2 months of admission. With the infectious nature of the disease, the child needs a course of antibiotic therapy. The type of antibiotics and its dosage are selected exclusively by the doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient's body. Since primary enuresis in many cases is the result of a disturbance in the rhythm of the secretion of the hormone vasopressin, patients with uncontrolled urination may be prescribed a synthetic analogue of this hormone, desmopressin.
With concomitant sleep disorders, irritability, anxiety, depression, the child may need tranquilizers, sedatives. In case of violation of the tone of the bladder, it is necessary to take antispasmodics, muscle relaxants.
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