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Inguinal hernia: symptoms. Care. Diagnostics


Inguinal hernia: symptoms. Care. Diagnostics

Inguinal hernia: symptoms. Care. Diagnostics

An inguinal hernia is an expansion of the inguinal canal, as a result of which the internal organs partially protrude outside the abdominal cavity. The inguinal canal is a slit-like space (normally 4-4.5 cm long) located between the muscles, fascia and ligaments of the inguinal region.
This disease is approximately 6 times more common in men than in women. Among hernias of the abdominal wall, inguinal ones are the most common.

Symptoms of an inguinal hernia
- protrusion in the groin area. In most cases, a visually noticeable swelling appears in the groin or scrotum, initially painless. Its shape can be round or oval;
- reduction of a hernia in a horizontal position. Most of all, the protrusion is noticeable in a standing position. When a person lies, the protrusion is reduced easily, and at the same time a characteristic sound (rumbling) is heard;
- an increase in half of the scrotum. This is a characteristic manifestation of an inguinal-scrotal hernia;
- an increase in the labia majora (left or right) in girls. Initially painless;

Methods for diagnosing an inguinal hernia:
- Ultrasound of the inguinal canals and scrotum. Allows you to assess the position, contents and size of the hernial sac, the state of the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal, hernial sac and its contents, spermatic cords, testicles are perfectly visible on the screen;
- Abdominal ultrasound. Allows you to evaluate which of the internal organs or which part of the intestine got into the hernial sac;
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs. Allows you to evaluate the displacement in the hernial sac of the ovaries and fallopian tubes in women;
- Herniography. This is an X-ray method of examination with contrast enhancement. It is prescribed if the patient complains of pain in the hip joint or in the groin, but there are no other symptoms of inguinal hernia, and the diagnosis is not confirmed by other methods;
- Irrigoscopy. This is an X-ray examination of the intestine with contrast enhancement. It is prescribed if there is a danger that part of the colon has fallen into the hernial sac;
- Cystography. This is an X-ray examination of the bladder with contrast enhancement. It is prescribed if part of the bladder has entered the hernial sac;
- CT scan of internal organs (computed tomography);
- surgical examination.

Treatment of inguinal hernia
Currently, the only effective treatment for inguinal hernia is surgery. Today it is carried out at any age. Of the conservative methods to get rid of this problem, wearing a bandage is used. But it is extremely rare and only if there are contraindications to surgery: Operations are prescribed by the surgeon in a planned manner: examination, diagnosis, examination.


severe exhaustion;

advanced age of the patient;

severe comorbidities;

to prevent recurrence after surgery for inguinal hernia;

for prevention during high physical exertion (for example, in weightlifters).

You can safely start the treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you be confident in yourself and in your health!

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