A hernia is a protrusion of any organ or part of it from the abdominal cavity under the skin through a natural opening (umbilical ring, inguinal or femoral canal), or through a defect in the abdominal wall resulting from an injury or previous operation.
Hernias are one of the most common surgical diseases. Hernia patients are the majority in any elective surgery department. In Russia, more than 500 thousand operations are performed annually for this reason, in the USA about 700 thousand, and in Europe more than a million. The most common are inguinal hernias.
- The presence of a protrusion in the inguinal or umbilical region, along the midline of the abdomen or in the area of the postoperative scar, which patients can independently detect (in the supine position, the protrusion can completely disappear);
- Drawing pains in the lower abdomen, in the navel of varying intensity, especially during physical exertion;
- Pain in the abdomen, bloating, constipation associated with the presence of adhesions inside the hernial sac with large postoperative hernias.
Causes of a hernia
- Weakening of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall;
- Congenital weakness of the connective tissue and conditions accompanied by increased pressure in the abdominal cavity (chronic lung diseases, digestive disorders, flatulence, bloating, constipation, cancer).
The presence of a hernia in a person significantly reduces the quality of life and its ability to work. However, the need to eliminate a hernia is primarily dictated by the risk of possible complications.
The most dangerous complication is strangulation of the hernia. In this case, any organ of the abdominal cavity (most often intestinal loops) enters the hernial sac, which cannot be set back. The blood supply to the strangulated organ is disrupted and it begins to die (decompose).
Treatment of the anterior abdominal wall
The only treatment is surgical. The operation is aimed at eliminating the hernia, and closing the "weak" place in the abdominal wall - hernioplasty.
There are two methods of surgical intervention:
- The traditional "open" method (incision over the hernia), while the defect is closed with its own tissues or a special mesh, the so-called "non-stretch" type of plastic surgery.
Laparoscopic method - closing the defect with a special mesh through small incisions in the abdominal wall.
You can safely start the treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. The Gatling Med clinic will make you be confident in yourself and in your health!