With a hernia of the white line of the abdomen, a divergence of the tendons of the muscles located along the midline occurs. Muscle divergence may not declare itself for a long time, but over time, subcutaneous tissue begins to come out through the cracks, and then parts of the abdominal organs.
Depending on their location, hernias can be epigastric (epigastric), located between the navel and the xiphoid process, paraumbilical (paraumbilical) and hypogastric, located below the navel. Any hernia requires mandatory medical intervention. If left untreated, the pathology progresses, the divergence of the muscles of the abdominal wall increases, and a hernial sac is formed, into which the omentum and intestinal loops fall.
The most serious complication that occurs with a hernia is the incarceration of the hernial sac, which can lead to inflammation, necrosis and the development of diseases of the strangulated organs (for example, coprostasis).
The main reason for the formation of postoperative hernia is the lack of normal conditions for wound healing. A similar outcome is possible in the following. The main cause of a hernia of the white line of the abdomen is the congenital or acquired weakness of the muscle fibers. Pathology is characterized by thinning, the appearance of cracks and diastasis of the rectus muscles of the abdominal wall. In a healthy body, muscle cells are tightly intertwined with each other and with connective tissue.
• Weight lifting;
• Regular physical activity;
• Long-term healing wounds and postoperative scars in the abdomen;
• Tendency to constipation;
• Physiological features of the structure of muscles (congenital weakness of muscle structures);
• Pregnancy period, difficult childbirth;
• Concomitant diseases accompanied by frequent severe cough (whooping cough, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis);
• Tearfulness and prolonged crying in young children.
Treatment of a hernia of the white line of the abdomen
Surgery is the only method that can cure a hernia.
Under general anesthesia, the hernial sac is removed with small instruments through several incisions or through a large incision. The organs located in it are examined for their possible infringement. Intact ones are reduced into the abdominal cavity, and areas with pathological changes are removed. Next, the hernial ring is sutured.
Then all this is reinforced with a polypropylene mesh - this avoids the recurrence of the protrusion. If, during the operation, the defect was strengthened with the help of the patient's own tissues, then the hernia of the white line of the abdomen develops again in 20-40% of cases.
If the intervention is performed when the hernia is infringed, the essence of the operation is the same: remove the excess peritoneum, suture the tendon defect.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!