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Cirrhosis of the liver is a pathology in which normal cells are replaced by scar tissue. This leads to the fact that the body is unable to function normally. Toxins and bile accumulate in the liver, poisoning the entire body. In most cases, the disease is diagnosed in men of middle and retirement age.
The main causes of cirrhosis are hepatitis and alcohol abuse. Also in the development of the disease may play a role:
chronic cholestasis (violation of the outflow of bile);
blockage of the hepatic veins.
It is extremely important to recognize this disease as early as possible. Cirrhosis may be asymptomatic for many years. In a third of patients, symptoms never appear. Often the first symptoms are nonspecific, at the initial stages the symptoms of the disease are as follows:
loss of appetite, weight loss;
general malaise, headaches;
aching pain in the right hypochondrium or in the upper abdomen;
enlargement of the spleen;
changes in the size of the liver (both a sharp increase and a decrease);
a sharp increase in the size of the abdomen (occurs due to the accumulation of fluid);
belching, nausea, bitterness in the mouth, flatulence;
violation of the outflow of urine;
an increase in the size of the veins on the anterior wall of the abdomen;
change in skin tone around the navel (it acquires a bluish color);
the appearance of reddish spots on the chest, back and shoulders;
redness of the palms;
in men: breast enlargement, hair loss in the armpits and pubis, sexual dysfunction;
in women: menstrual irregularities.
Gradually, with cirrhosis, the patient develops jaundice, skin itching is possible.
The diagnosis is made by narrow specialists: a gastroenterologist and a hepatologist.
After collecting complaints and visual examination, the patient will be sent for examinations:
blood tests (biochemical, for the presence of hepatitis);
Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity;
If necessary, additional studies are prescribed:
radioisotope study of the liver;
Unfortunately, it is impossible to completely defeat liver cirrhosis, but if the disease is detected in the early stages, then it can be slowed down. With an advanced form of cirrhosis, therapeutic measures are aimed at relieving symptoms and combating possible complications.
Treatment of cirrhosis is complex, and includes:
hormonal agents (for autoimmune diseases);
drugs that have a beneficial effect on liver cells;
In severe cases, the treatment of cirrhosis should take place in a hospital.
In some situations, surgery is necessary:
removal of fluid from the abdominal cavity (paracentesis);
Portal hypertension is the most common serious complication of cirrhosis, and in turn, it can cause complications including:
Gastrointestinal bleeding from the esophagus, stomach or varicose veins of the rectum, as well as portal hypertensive gastropathy
Acute kidney injury (hepatorenal syndrome)
Pulmonary hypertension (portopulmonary hypertension)
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (intrapulmonary shunt)
The expert level of diagnosis of liver cirrhosis, its causes and severity is provided by the high qualifications of our specialists and advanced equipment.
Until recently, the disease was considered fatal, and most patients died within a few years of diagnosis from liver cancer, which develops in about 5% of cases, from liver failure leading to coma, bleeding from dilated veins of the esophagus, and other consequences of cirrhosis.
Fortunately, medicine does not stand still, and today, with timely diagnosis and immediate treatment, the prognosis is much more favorable: many patients who have been treated for cirrhosis of the liver live and are healthy for many years.
Timely access to specialists increases the chances of successful treatment and prolongation of life. Such patients need constant medical supervision and supportive therapy for cirrhosis, aimed at compensating for liver failure.
That is why, if there is the slightest suspicion of this disease or the threat of its development, it is necessary to immediately contact specialists.
You can safely start treatment, which we carry out as quickly and efficiently as possible in Tashkent. Gatling Med Clinic will make you feel confident in yourself and in your health!